The Human Rights Advocacy Centre lauds the Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice for seeking legal redress in the case involving two former employees of the Ghana National Fire Service who were dismissed for getting pregnant within the first three years of their employment in the Service. We also commend the Accra High Court for upholding the 1992 Constitution of the Republic of Ghana and other legal obligations, including under international law by making a landmark decision in the protection of the right of Ghanaian women to work.
According to reports, the two women were dismissed for getting pregnant within three years of their employment by the Ghana National Fire Service. The dismissal was effected in accordance with the Ghana National Fire Service Regulations which prohibits female recruits from getting pregnant within the first three years of their employment into the Service.
The decision of the Court is highly commendable because it does not only protect women’s right to work but has the rippling effect of protecting women’s right to equal work opportunities as well as their sexual and reproductive health rights which must not be subjected to any form of interference, subject only to health implications.
The right to work is fundamental to the enjoyment of a dignified life for every person. Article 24 of the 1992 Constitution therefore reinforces the equality right of all persons to work. Article 27 of the Constitution further reinforces women’s right to work by making additional provisions on paid maternity leave and provision of facilities for the care of children under school-going age, to protect women in the work space.
In the wake of this landmark decision, we must ensure that these constitutional stipulations are adhered to by undertaking the necessary reforms and development as well as the implementation of complimentary laws and policies to ensure the full realization and enjoyment of women’s right to work.
We therefore call for an amendment of the Labour Act 2003 to include provisions on paternity leave and an extension of the maternity leave period from three to six months to allow for a reasonable period of rest before delivery and breastfeeding as well as proper care of new born babies after delivery. We also call for improved implementation of the Early Childhood Care and Development Policy, especially in relation to day care centres through standardized curriculum and more trained teachers to ensure quality and holistic development of under school-going age children.
The Human Rights Advocacy Centre keenly looks forward to these successive inroads as we celebrate this groundbreaking decision.
Human Rights Advocacy Centre.
On 11th April 2018, Ghana was horrified when Joy FM report on Prosper, a 9 week old baby whose life was terminated when he was taken off oxygen supply at the St. Gregory Hospital at Kasoa in the Central Region. The decision to cut oxygen supply to the child who was reported to be unable to breathe on his own was as a result of the mother’s inability to assure a medical doctor on duty of her ability to pay a sum of GHS533, being accrued medical bill for the supply of oxygen. It is even more saddening to learn that shortly after the death of Prosper, his father rushed to the hospital with the money to settle the baby’s medical bill. The story may be accessed on https://www.myjoyonline.com/business/2018/April-11th/kasoa-baby-dies-as-doctor-cuts-oxygen-supply-over-nonpayment-of-bills.php.
The right to life is a fundamental human right. Accordingly, under no circumstance should a person be deprived of this right, not even in the event of having been found culpable of a capital offence. Ghana’s Constitution Review Commission has recommended that death penalty be abolished which was accepted by government. It is therefore unacceptable that the doctor who belongs to a profession which is entrusted with human life, and who has taken an oath to protect and save lives should take a decision, and put into action such decision to terminate Prosper’s life. This decision and action thereon was not because little Prosper committed an offence (in which case termination of his life will even be unacceptable), but because his parents were unable to pay for service rendered him.
The Human Rights and Advocacy Centre therefore condemns the act of the medical doctor and wishes to state that investigations by the Ghana Health Service and the superiors of the health facility is not enough. That we consider it inadequate for this matter to be treated only as a case of professional misconduct. We therefore call for police investigations into the matter and prosecution of the medical doctor involved for his deliberate and unconscionable conduct leading to the death of little Prosper. We believe that his prosecution will not only send a message to duty bearers and service providers to uphold high standards of care especially where their services relate to fundamental human rights, but also send a clear message to everyone that Ghana upholds the rule of law in all situations irrespective of the status of affected persons.
It is on this note that we have petitioned the Inspector General of Police with notice to the Attorney-General and Minister for Justice and the Commissioner of the Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice to initiate investigations into this matter and prosecute the medical doctor involved to bring justice to Prosper’s family. We also call on government to strengthen the National Health Insurance Scheme to enable vulnerable populations access health care.
The Human Rights and Advocacy Centre is committed to ensuring the realisation, respect, promotion and protection of the human rights of all persons, especially the vulnerable. We assure the general public that we will follow up with the Ghana Police Service on this matter.
12th April, 2018.
The first half of the year 2016 was focused on implementing the two projects, and the completion of the CSOs shadow report in response to List of Issue for the implementation of the ICCPR and the work on one proposal and two concept notes on juveniles in adult prison and torture. HRAC employed a full-time Finance/Administrative Coordinator in the person of Ms Elizabeth Mensah. Ms Mensah replaced Mr Gershon Botchway whose 6 months part-time appointment elapsed on 31st May 2016. In May 2016, Ms Philomina Ahiable took over form Mr George Owoo as the new Acting Executive Director of the HRAC.
HRAC marked the International Day against Homophobia (IDAHO) in six Regions in Ghana. Ms Philomena Ahiable participated in the 58th UN Women Convention in New York, and Ms Wendy Abbey represented HRAC at the June 2016 review of Ghana on the ICCPR. HRAC was represented by Mr George Owoo at meetings with the Human Rights Ambassadors of the Royal Netherlands Embassy and the US Embassy, and at a Roundtable with the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture in Accra. In all HRAC honoured about twenty invitations to participate in stakeholders meetings. This include the CSOs Platform on the Post 2015 SDGs, ILO meeting on Research Dissemination, the GFD Validation Meeting on the Amendment of the PDA, West African Human Rights Defenders Network Meeting at CHRAJ, GNECC/GI-ESCR Strategic Planning Meeting at Winneba, and the Technical Working Committee on Stigma and Discrimination at the Ghana Aids Commission.
HRAC also had visiting meetings with representatives from the Wilfred Laurie University of Canada, Ms Emelia Goland from the RFSU, Australian Ambassador Andrew Barnas and Rustum G. Nyquist of the US Embassy.
HRAC undertook human rights and advocacy projects in the area of sexual and reproductive health rights, Lesbians Gays Bisexuals and Transgenders and Key and vulnerable populations’ rights. HRAC led the process that resulted in civil society engagement with the UN Human Rights Committee on the review of Ghana on the ICCPR.
Collaboration with other CSOs and State Actors remains one of our core values as we seek to make impart in our advocacy work. In 2016 HRAC collaborated with the West African AIDS Foundation (WAAF) and the Ghana Coalition of NGOs Health to implement SRHR and access to LGBT rights and healthcare projects. The partnership with human rights organisations during our engagement with the UN Human Rights Committee was a one of the powerful collaboration of the year 2016.
To strengthen our role as a leading human rights advocacy and legal service provider our human rights clinic received and processed of 78 cases. The Clinic also conducted school and community outreaches as part of our community sensitization and know your rights activities. We implemented two advocacy projects and held government accountable on it performance on ICCPR.
It is our pleasure to celebrate our success with you as we share with you some of our achievements in the year. We also through this report wish to thank you for your support and look forward to more collaboration as we work to ‘bring right to life’ for all persons living in Ghana.
For the full document click on this link below to download.
Today, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) were invited for a one-day workshop in Tamale focusing on how to utilize the UN Mechanism and use Social Behaviour Community Change (SBCC) for advocacy on SRHR.
Improved advocacy and a higher degree of inclusion of civil society in decision-making processes are paramount in order to change policies on SRHR in Ghana. This is the core message made by Human Rights Advocacy Centre (HRAC) and Ghana Coalition of NGOs in Health (GCNH) in the second phase of the project running from 2015-2017. The workshop was facilitated by HRAC together with GCNH, and brought together 22 participants representing CSOs from the Northern, Upper East and Upper West Regions working with SRHR. The workshop was part of the project: “Improve civil society advocacy and inclusion in sexual and reproductive health rights decision in making processes in Ghana” and was one amongst two other workshops, which will be conducted in Accra on the 25th and Kumasi on the 27th of October. The aim is to present tools for advocacy, which can be of use to CSOs in their effort to be heard and included in decision-making processes in relation to SRHR.
Ghana Coalition of NGOs in Health: “What is advocacy and SBCC?”
GCNH’s representatives made presentations on: 1) definitions of ‘advocacy’ and how to work with advocacy; and 2) on Social Behaviour Community Change, as a diverse communication tool to achieve change and raise awareness in communities.
The participants where invited to share experiences and definitions of advocacy. GCNH asked the Civil Society representatives: how would you describe the way you use advocacy as part of your work? One participant replied: “We build the capacity at the lowest level, so people can claim their rights. And also, we help people to understand the rules of law, so they can demand the service they are entitled to”. There are many ways to understand the concept of advocacy, but as both GCNH and the participants agreed, it can be boiled down to working on influencing decision makers and thus policies to focus on and improve an issue at hand. As an extension of the discussions on advocacy, GCNH turned to SBCC. SBCC describes in short a way to communicate to communities in alternative and diverse ways, in order to reach more people and create awareness. The aim is to create behavioural change at several levels, which will improve the actual implementation of a certain project.
Human Rights Advocacy Centre: CSOs can utilize the UN Mechanism for advocacy
HRAC made a presentation on the United Nations (UNs) Universal Periodic Review (UPR) as a way for civil society to influence political priorities on a higher level. As each country (member states of the UN) is reviewed based on information provided by both the respective state, human rights experts and civil society, this process provides an opening for civil society to engage on a higher political level. Discussions and a smaller exercise during the workshop pointed to the fact that civil society needs to target governments and development partners (DPs), who share similar political priorities. Further, HRAC’s Technical Advisor, Ms. Abbey, emphasised that civil societies role in this process is to highlight issues and the general human rights situation that often is ignored by their governments.
With active participation and inputs by the gathered representatives from CSOs, the workshop came to a close. The different approaches to advocacy and advocacy tools presented by HRAC and GCNH will hopefully inform and aid the CSOs in future work on influencing decision-makers to improve SRHR in Ghana’s Northern, Upper East and Upper West Regions.
Mental health care services lack adequate funding, political attention and social awareness leaving mentally disabled people with few choices for treatment. Today, on the World Mental Health Day, October 10, we call for more attention to the social stigma around mental disabilities and more political support to raise the level of care provided at traditionel treatment centres in Ghana.
Persons with mental disabilities are often subjected to discrimination, social exclusion and ill-treatment. More needs to be done to combat the social stigma, not least at work places, which is this year’s World Mental Health Day theme. HRAC’s focus is on the human rights and healthcare for mental health patients at traditional or faith-based centres, where the treatment is not certified and often unregulated. With support from STAR-Ghana, HRAC in partnership with MindFreedom Ghana, recently initiated the “Promoting quality access to mental health care and rights of persons with mental disabilities in traditional mental health centres” project. The aim of the project is to improve mental health care services and treatment in traditional mental health settings in Ghana by creating awareness among civil society as well as service provider on mental health issues.
The issue with mental disabilities in Ghana is highly prevalent. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 3% of Ghana’s 28.2 million people suffer severe mental disorders, and 10% suffer from mild to moderate mental disorders. These mild disorders include anxiety disorders and depression, two very curable cases (follow the links to see the full Press Release).